The current exhibition of American Publishers' Bindings on the books of Amelia E. Barr 1882-1919 includes covers from Eastlake style through Japonism, Arts and Crafts, Art Nouveau, Poster style, and Text as Art. Charles Eastlake’s popular book Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details was published in England in 1868, and in the USA in 1872. During the last quarter of the 19th century many book covers were produced that capitalized on the popularity of “Eastlake style.” Although it was considered “modern” at the time, some of it looks more like a vestige of the Victorian era than a precursor to Modernism, while other elements are timeless. Here are some examples of Eastlake book covers on Amelia Barr’s early books.
This was a uniform cover style, not specific to this title. Princeton's copy of this book can be read online via HathiTrust, and is in the same design on green cloth. That year ATS also issued a collection of her short stories:
It's hard to photograph the amazing effect of the gold on this book, which changes depending on the angle you view it from, or light it from, or move it through. Here is a detail from a different angle. The effect is achieved by engraving the stamping die at different angles to control the reflections.
Today hardly anybody knows the name Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr, yet a hundred years ago she was among the most prolific and popular women writing in America. If it were not for the decorated bindings on her books I would not have known she existed. Some of the best cover artists were assigned to her works, including Thomas Watson Ball, Alice Cordelia Morse, Evelyn W. Clark, Blanche McManus Mansfield, Amy Richards, William Snelling Hadaway, Harry B. Matthews, Theodore Brown Hapgood and the Decorative Designers. After seeing her name on so many books, it struck me that searching for her titles might turn up some designs I had not seen before, and it was true! There are about a hundred items in the exhibition, including the complete original manuscript for one of the books, half typewritten and half handwritten. Perhaps her typewriter broke halfway through?
Here is an unsigned design that I attribute to T. W. Ball, very much in his style of lettering and panelization, from the time he was doing a lot of work for Dodd:
Thomas Watson Ball
Souls of Passage
by Amelia E. Barr
with illustrations by Emlen McConnell New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1901
Amelia Barr was born in England in 1831, she and her husband emigrated to America in 1853, had nine children, six of whom died, the last three of yellow fever in Galveston, along with her husband, in 1867. She and three daughters moved to New York, and she supported the family writing articles, stories and poems for magazines. The first book of hers I've located was published in 1882, an unattributed early post-Victorian design with Eastlake influence in the lettering:
The Young People of Shakespeare's Dramas by Amelia E. Barr New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1882
The exhibition includes only editions published during her lifetime. She died in 1919 two weeks shy of her 88th birthday, having written about 70 books. This covers the period of greatest change in cover art.
Charles Buckles Falls
The Bell of Bowling Green
by Amelia E. Barr
Illustrated by Walter H. Everett
New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1908
The unsigned design below on a small format reprint must have been on a large edition, because nice copies of it are plentiful:
On April 22, 2015 at 5:30 p.m. in the Lownes Room of the John Hay
Library, Richard Minsky will give a talk, “The Art of American
Bookcovers 1875 – 1930: One Hundred Great Covers from the Brown
University Library.” Minsky will look at selections of books from the
Library’s holdings that exemplify book cover styles and their changes
during this time period. A Q&A, book sale and signing, and reception
will follow the talk. This event is free and open to the public. A complementary exhibit of the same name will be available for
viewing in the Lownes Room cases from April 15 – May 14, 2015 by
appointment only. To make an appointment to view the exhibit, please
contact the John Hay Library at firstname.lastname@example.org. In his presentation, Minsky will discuss how Modernism entered the
American home on book covers. Proto-Constructivism and Futurism came in
1880, Art Nouveau in 1881. Surrealism and Abstraction in 1904. This
period saw the transition from covers designed by die-engravers to
those created by visual artists, many of whom were women. The
presentation will include stunning examples from Eastlake style, Arts
and Crafts, Aesthetic movement, Poster style and Social Realism. Richard Minsky is an internationally known book artist, author, historian, curator, and bibliographer. Minsky is the author of American Decorated Publishers’ Bindings 1872-1929, The Art of American Book Covers 1875-1930, The Art of the American Book, The Golden Age of American Book Design, The Book Cover Art of Thomas Watson Ball, and American Trade Bindings with Native American Themes, 1875-1933. In 1974 he founded the Center for Book Arts in New York City, the first organization of its kind. The hardcover edition of The Art of American Book Covers 1875-1930 sold
out two printings and won the Worldwide Books Award for Publications
from the Art Libraries Society of North America in 2011. Date: Wednesday, April 22, 2015 Time: 5:30 p.m. Location: Lownes Room, John Hay Library, 20 Prospect Street, Providence
There will be no printed catalog of the new exhibition. Some of the books were cataloged in previous exhibitions, others here on the blog. Some are new discoveries, and I'll add those to this blog as time permits.
Some installation photos are on my
website and more are in a facebook
album that has public access. Here are few to get you going. The website and album have descriptions and commentary.